ADMOS 2023

Generating Near-Optimal Meshes Using Green AI

  • Lock, Callum (Swansea University)
  • Hassan, Oubay (Swansea University)
  • Sevilla, Ruben (Swansea University)
  • Jones, Jason (Swansea University)

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When optimising a design, multiple simulations for different operating conditions and geometric configurations are required. The process of generating the most appropriate mesh for each operating condition and geometric configuration is usually too time consuming in an industrial environment. This is mainly due to the excessive human intervention and expertise that is required at this stage to generate meshes capable of capturing all relevant features of the solution with the minimum number of elements possible. In many occasions, it is preferred to generate an excessively refined mesh that is capable of capturing all the solution features for all operating conditions and geometric configurations. This obviously leads to larger CPU times and carbon emissions when running the solver, but completely removes the burden of mesh generation. In this talk, two strategies to predict the near-optimal spacing for a given operating condition and geometric configuration will be presented. The first strategy aims at predicting the position and spacing characteristics of a set of point sources that will be used in the on-line phase to produce near-optimal mesh. The second strategy aims at predicting the a discrete spacing in a given background mesh, which again is then used in the on-line phase to produce near-optimal mesh. Both approaches will enable utilising the vast amount of data that would exist in industry to predict the spacing that is required to produce near-optimal meshes. The two strategies will be applied in the context of three-dimensional compressible flow simulations involving full aircraft configurations. The two approaches will be analysed and compared in terms of the neural network architecture, the number of training cases required, the accuracy in the predicted spacing and the accuracy in the subsequent compressible flow simulations. In addition, the benefits of using the predicted meshes, instead of using over-refined meshes will be discussed, both in terms of efficiency and carbon emissions. The examples will also include the latest effort in predicting not only isotropic spacing functions but also anisotropic spacing functions.