ADMOS 2023

A posteriori error estimates for the Crank-Nicolson method: application to parabolic partial differential equations with small random input data

  • Nakidi, Shravani (BITS-Pilani Hyderbad Campus)
  • Reddy, Murali (BITS-Pilani Hyderbad Campus)
  • Vynnycky, Michael (University of Limerick)

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In this article, we present residual-based a posteriori error estimates for the parabolic partial differential equation (PDE) with small random input data. Such a class of PDEs arises due to a lack of complete understanding of the physical model. To this end, the perturbation technique [2019, Arch. Comput. Methods Eng., 26, pp. 1313-1377] is exploited to express the exact random solution in terms of the power series with respect to the uncertainty parameter, whence we obtain decoupled deterministic problems. Each problem is then discretized in space by the finite element method and advanced in time by the Crank-Nicolson scheme. Quadratic reconstructions are introduced to obtain optimal bounds in the temporal direction. The work generalizes the isotropic results obtained in [2009, SIAM J. Sci. Comput., 31, pp. 2757-2783] for the deterministic parabolic PDEs to the parabolic PDE with small random input data. Numerical results demonstrate the effectiveness of the bounds.